Kjemikalieutslipp

Menneskeskapte kjemikalier er en viktig årsak til kronisk sykdom. Her vil jeg følge opp dagsaktuelle utslipp og noen historiske.

I mange tilfeller er utslippshendelsen kjent men ingen forstår at den representerer en massiv helserisiko før det har gått endel tid og mange har allerede blitt forgiftet.

Ohoi vinylklorid lekkasje feb-2023

I USAs delstat Ohio, byen East Palestine, var det februar 2023 en ulykke der et tog med giftige kjemikalier kolliderte og lasten forurenset området. Blant annet med vinylklorid. Nr 10 på listen over kjemikalier til og med USA forbyr i kosmetikk. Etter få dager valgte myndighetene å sette fyr på de utlekkede kjemikaliene. Resultatet var en massiv røyksøyle med potensielt meget giftige stoffer. Når dette skrives, 11. mars 2023, er situasjonen i Ohio under utvikling. Det har lekket ut massivt med kreftfremkallende kjemikalier, befolkningen er redd, ansvarlig togfirma og myndighetene er passive. Situasjonen minner litt om blyutslippet fra Notre Dame brannen i Paris 2019.

Nytimes 8. mars 2023. Why Has the E.P.A. Allowed the Horrific Situation in Ohio to Continue? When a Norfolk Southern train carrying nearly 116,000 gallons of vinyl chloride derailed in East Palestine, Ohio, last month, local officials made a pivotal decision: to drain the highly toxic chemical into a ditch and set it on fire in a “controlled burn” to avoid a catastrophic explosion. Officials didn’t mention that the plume could rain dioxins and other enduring poisons down on the community and others downwind. And two days after the burn, residents in the one-by-two-mile evacuation zone were allowed back into their homes — before any testing for dioxins and other contaminants on the surfaces inside had been done. Dioxins are some of the most potent carcinogens on earth — there’s no “safe” dose for humans, and pregnant women and young children are especially vulnerable to their effects.

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Ohio, East Palestine, togkollisjon. Utslipp vinylklorid til jord og dioksiner til luft.

Notre Dame brannen apr-2019

Den store katedralen Notre Dame midt i Paris var konstruert med bly i tak og spir. Muligens ble dette brukt for å hindre råte. I en storbrann 15. april 2019 brant deler av katedralen og spesielt taket og spiret. Resultatet var tonnevis med blystøv ut over Paris by. Verdiene var høyest nær katedralen og i samme reting som vinden blåste den dagen. Jeg hørte om dette første gangen dag 3 The art of antiaging Summit 2022 med Brian Vaszily som intervjuet Wendie Trubow. Hun var i Paris rett etter brannen og opplevde blyforgiftning.

NY Times 16. september 2019. Flames engulfed 460 tons of lead scattering dangerous dust onto the streets and parks of Paris.

Overflatetester

Levels of lead dust deposited near the cathedral were up to 1,300 times higher than French safety guidelines. The Health Ministry has ruled that lead levels over 70 micrograms per square meter, or 6.5 micrograms per square foot, amount to “a risk of lead contamination for exposed children’’ and should lead to “a quick intervention.” But that pertains to indoor spaces. In Paris, officials have waffled on the proper outdoor threshold. In the weeks after the fire, they cited 93 micrograms per square foot as the guideline. But as public criticism reached a fever pitch in mid-July, regional health officials essentially raised the limit, citing a new figure of 464. But it took a month before city officials conducted the first lead tests at a school close to Notre-Dame. Even today, city and regional health officials have not tested every school in the proximity of the cathedral. The tests showed levels of lead dust above the French regulatory standard for buildings hosting children in at least 18 day care centers, preschools and primary schools. In dozens of other public spaces, like plazas and streets, authorities found lead levels up to 60 times over the safety standard. Soil contamination in public parks may be among the biggest concerns. The Culture Ministry, which is responsible for cleaning the site and rebuilding Notre-Dame, also failed or refused to enforce safety procedures for workers, leaving them exposed to lead levels more than a thousand times the accepted standard.

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Brannen i Notre Dame kirken i Paris 15. april 2019.

The Paris Prefecture Police Headquarters sits directly across from Notre-Dame. A day care center inside the police building was hurriedly closed, for fear it could be crushed by falling debris. Within days, the day care center, which was for the children of officers, was tested for lead. In some areas, like the “millipede playroom,” the tests found lead levels up to 2.5 times the French standard for buildings hosting children, according to a confidential police document. The report offers evidence that the French authorities were aware of the threat of lead contamination within days of the fire but kept quiet. The officers’ children were moved to a second day care center farther away from Notre-Dame, in another building of the headquarters. As many as 80 children would play in this second day care center in the coming weeks. But it turned out that second building was contaminated, too. More than 20 measurements showed lead levels at or above the threshold for buildings hosting children. They included the “goblins” playroom and rooms where nurses fed children with baby bottles. Windows in the building had been left open during the fire, according to the confidential police report. Other tests found at least six offices were contaminated with lead levels up to 17 times higher than the regulatory threshold. Experts said the officers could have been vulnerable both to inhaling the dust as it swirled during the fire and ingesting it afterward. In early May, city officials finally closed the second day care center for decontamination and informed officers of the situation. But still no broader alarm was sounded.

Blodverdier

The island Ile de la Cite in the Seine where Notre-Dame is located has gotten most attention. The regulatory threshold for concern in France is 2.5 micrograms per deciliter, but experts warn that any level of lead can cause harm. Ms. Souleliac, who works on the Ile de la Cite but does not live there, had her daughter tested 2 months after the fire. The girl had 1.1 micrograms of lead per deciliter, below the French threshold for concern of 2.5 micrograms.
Catherine Leroy had not thought about potential health risks for her 2 1/2 year-old daughter until news articles mentioned lead concerns and friends warned her about toxic particles. Ms. Leroy lives on Rue Chanoinesse, less than 300 feet from the cathedral. The child was tested in mid-May. The results showed lead levels of 1.9 micrograms per deciliter. Those most in danger? The restoration workers. The authorities shut down work at Notre-Dame in July, saying stricter measures were needed “in accordance to labor inspection’s requests.”

Twintowers NYC 11-sep-2001

Medførte asbestutslipp og mye annet. Mange brannmenn fikk kreft i etterkant.

Regjeringskvartalet Oslo 22-jul-2011

Bomben raserte sentrum og medførte helt sikkert utslipp. Blant annet ble det kjent at Y-blokka inneholdt asbest.

Boligbranner

De fleste nye boliger idag inneholder plast, maling, tettestoffer, isolasjon og mange andre kunstige materialer. Disse er giftige bare ved avgassing inne i boligen. Det er derfor ofte sunnere å kjøpe et brukt enn et nytt hus. Dersom boligen brenner får man en stor utslippsdose av disse giftige materialene.

Psilocybin, iboga og andre psykedeliske stoffer

En forhåpentligvis helbredende trip.

Stoffer som påvirker bevisstheten (hvordan vi opplever verden) kalles ofte psykedeliske. Ordet hallisunogen brukes også. En hallisunasjon er en mental forestilling om verden som ikke nødvendigvis stemmer med virkeligheten.

Mest kjente psykedeliske stoffet er LSD. Mye brukt på 70 tallet. Blant annet av Jimmi Hendrix og andre musikere. De siste årene er psykedeliske stoffer tilbake fordi det viser seg at de har traumehelbredende egenskaper. For PTSD, og muligens også for barndomstraumer. Jeg har ikke forsøkt psykedeliske stoffer selv men ser det som en fremtidig mulighet. Naturlige alternativer med liknende effekt er mørkeromsterapi og meditasjon.

Psilocybin

Just One Dose of Magic Mushroom Compound Regrows Lost Brain Connections in Mice.

Psilocybin, the active psychedelic compound in magic mushrooms, has some curious effects on the human brain. There’s the obvious, of course – hallucinations – but of increasing interest to scientists is its potential effectiveness as an antidepressant.

jack-allocca-somnivore-inc fra https://psychedelicsrevealed.com/viewing episode 8 psychedelics revealed.

Psilocybin soppen kan finnes i naturen i Norge.

Iboga

If you are seeking to take iboga in a traditional ceremony in Africa, you will most probably end up in Gabon, a sovereign state on the west coast of Central Africa. The capital and largest city is Libreville, where the main international airport is based.

Bøker om iboga:

  • Daniel Brett Iboga The Root Of All Healing Paperback. April 26, 2021.
  • Peter Frank (Author) Ibogaine Explained Paperback. May 14, 2013.
  • Nexus magazine. Mange bra artikler. Fransk Nexus om Iboga la plante qui connait l’homme. Numéro (digital)>No 98 (mai-juin 2015) NUMERIQUE. https://boutique.nexus.fr/fr/numero-digital/52-n-98-mai-juin-2015.html

Duncan Bridgeman. Gabon levesett og kultur. Gabon the last dance, 2004.

Ayahuasca

Håkon Svendsen på Elefantenirommetpodcast episode 18 snakker om Ayahuasca.

Wikipedia. Ayahuasca is a South American psychoactive and entheogenic brewed drink traditionally used both socially and as a ceremonial or shamanic spiritual medicine among the indigenous peoples of the Amazon basin, and more recently in Western society. The tea causes altered states of consciousness often known as “psychedelic experiences” which include visual hallucinations and altered perceptions of reality.

Ketamin

Ketamine Research in Russia. Since 1988, Dr. Evgeny Krupitsky and a team of researchers at the Leningrad Regional Center for Alcoholism and Drug Addiction Therapy have been investigating Ketamine Psychedelic Therapy in the treatment of alcoholism and heroin addiction.

Røde blodceller mikroskopi

Jeg sjekket størrelsen på mine egne røde blodlegemer i mikroskopet.

Med et mikroskop til under 2000 kroner har man utstyr til å se, anslå størrelsen samt ta bilde av sine egne røde blodlegemer (erytrocytter, erythrocytes).

De røde blodcellene frakter oksygen i kroppen. Hver celle har rundt 270 millioner hemoglobin molekyler. Hver av disse har jern i midten, som binder til oksygen. Jern farger blodet rødt.

Staining teknikker

Ved mikroskopi vil man ofte bruke staining teknikker. Det vil si tilsette analysematerialet kjemikalier som gjør at strukturene blir farget og mer definerte. Man ønsker å få et klarere bilde av analysematerialet. I min mikroskopi analyse i denne posten har jeg ikke brukt noe staining. En fordel med dette er at det blir ingen kunstige strukturer forårsaket av kjemikaliene. Det er ikke sikkert staining alltid gir best resultat.

Størrelsen og form på erytrocyttene

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Mitt mikroskop har 3 forstørrende deler:

  • Okulæret (nærmest øyet) 10x
  • I midten en Barlow linse 2x
  • Objektivet (nærmest prøven) 4x, 10x eller 40x

For å kunne se de røde blodlegemene måtte objektivet være på 40x. Diameteren på det mikroskopierte området er kjent. Da er det enkelt å regne ut omtrentelig størrelse på de røde blodlegemen. Se bildet ovenfor.

Jeg beregnet mine til å være mellom 6.5 mikrometer og 8.5 mikrometer. Fra google virker det som en vanlig størrelse.

Mine blodlegemer ser riktige ut. Det er ikke feil fasong eller andre unormale forhold. Det er kjent at blodceller klynger når de utsettes for stråling (se nedenfor, Opitz). Det gjør ikke mine. Så er også småbruket jeg bor på omtrent strålefritt.

Man kan i mine bilder skimte at blodcellene har en innsenkning (skygge) i midten. Dette har røde fordi det gjør dem istand til å bøye seg og dermed komme rundt også i tynne tynne blodårer.

Immunceller og platelets

Blod inneholder mange typer celler. Det er mest erytrocytter. Men det er også immunceller. Og platelets. Platelets er en enkel type celle som bidrar til at blødninger stanser. I mine mikroskop bilder er det elementer som minner om platelets og også har riktig størrelse. Og også riktig antall. Se mitt bilde nedenfor, og “fasiten” fra Wikipedia under der igjen.

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Blodlegemene i forskjellige forstørrelser

Mitt mikroskop har som nevnt ovenfor 3 innstillinger der det er mulig å få ok bilder med et mobilkamera. Jeg arbeider ofte slik at jeg begynner på 80x, går deretter til 200x og så til 800x.

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Rødt blod

For å kunne se blodlegemene må det kun være et meget tynt lag med blod på mikroskop platen. Tar man mer blod på ser man det røde i blodet men mister de enkelte cellene.

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Blodkilde

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Detaljer

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Røde blodceller og stråling

Jeg har hørt flere steder at når vi utsettes for stråling fra mobiltelefon, wifi ruter og andre kilder påvirkes blant annet de røde blodcellene. De klumper seg. Jeg hørte dette blant annet på Medumio Parasitenkongress 2021 dag6 foredrag med naturlegen Christian Dittrich Opitz (https://christian-dittrich-opitz.de/).

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Røde blodceller. Ingen stråling. Cellene ser riktige ut.
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Røde blodceller utsatt for stråling fra mobiltelefon. Cellene klumper seg.
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Røde blodceller utsatt for stråling fra magnetfelt. Cellene klumper seg ekstremt mye.

Fysikk

Info innen fysikk faget.

Naturvitenskap er spennende. Ikke minst i disse tider hvor man innen fysikk gjør stadig nye oppdagelser innen kvantemekanikk, kosmologi og ikke minst forsøk på å bekrefte Einsteins betraktninger. Ofte leser jeg et fysikk kapittel eller hører en podcast om fysikk. Informasjon jeg synes er interessant vil jeg samle i denne posten.

Dark matter

Some of the first inklings astronomers had that there might be more mass in the universe than just the stuff we can see came in the 1960s and 1970s. Vera Rubin, a young astronomer at the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism at the Carnegie Institution of Washington, observed the speeds of stars at various locations in galaxies. Simple Newtonian physics predicted that stars on the outskirts of a galaxy would orbit more slowly than stars at the center. Yet Rubin’s observations found no drop-off at all in the stars’ velocities further out in a galaxy. Instead, she found that all stars in a galaxy seem to circle the center at roughly the same speed. But research by other astronomers confirmed the odd finding. Ultimately, based on observations and computer models, scientists concluded that there must be much more matter in galaxies than what’s obvious to us. If the stars and gas that we can see inside galaxies are only a small portion of their total mass, then the velocities make sense.

Dark energy

It all started in the mid-1990s, when two teams of researchers were trying to figure out how fast the universe was expanding, in order to predict whether it would keep spreading out forever, or if it would eventually crumple back in on itself in a “Big Crunch.” To do this, scientists used special tricks to determine the distances of many exploded stars, called supernovas, throughout the universe. They then measured their velocities to determine how fast they were moving away from us. When we view very distant stars, we are viewing an earlier time in the history of the universe, because those stars’ light has taken millions and billions of light-years to travel to us. Thus, looking at the speeds of stars at various distances tells us how fast the universe was expanding at various points in its lifetime. Astronomers predicted two possibilities: either the universe has been expanding at roughly the same rate throughout time, or that the universe has been slowing in its expansion as it gets older. Shockingly, the researchers observed neither possibility. Instead, the universe appeared to be accelerating in its expansion. That fact could not be explained based on what we knew of the universe at that time. All the gravity of all the mass in the cosmos should have been pulling the universe back inward, just as gravity pulls a ball back down to Earth after it’s been thrown into the air. “There’s some other force out there or something on a cosmic scale that is counteracting the force of gravity,” writer Richard Panek explained. “People didn’t believe this at first because it’s such a weird result.”

Elektronkonfigurasjon fysikk møter kjemi

In atomic physics and quantum chemistry, the electron configuration is the distribution of electrons of an atom or molecule (or other physical structure) in atomic or molecular orbitals. For example, the electron configuration of the neon atom is 1s2 2s2 2p6, meaning that the 1s, 2s and 2p subshells are occupied by 2, 2 and 6 electrons respectively. pi bond.

Kjemikalier i kosmetikk

Kosmetikk inneholder ofte giftige kjemikalier.

Kosmetikk er kremer, sminke og annet man tar på hud og hår.

Ting man tar på huden går selvsagt også gjennom huden og inn i blodbanen. Slik mat man spiser gjør. Når næringsstoffer fra mat tas opp i blodet (portalvenen) går dette blodet rett til leveren for å renses. Dette er kroppens sikkerhetsmekanisme mot at vi spiste noe giftig. Når en krem tas på huden skjer ikke det samme. Kjemikalier fra kremen kan gå i blodet og rett til organer uten å først gå via leveren. Dette betyr at man skal være ekstra oppmerksom på å ikke ta giftige kjemikalier på huden.

Hårfarging er en versting. Når kvinner får kreft er dette det første de kutter ut. Skal man farge håret så vær ekstra nøye på at hårfargen bare inneholder naturlige, økologisk ingredienser.

Kosmetikk lovgivningen i USA er forskjellig fra Europa.

Kvinner og sminke

Overraskende mange er nesten avhengige av dette for å komme seg ut. Selv synes jeg de fleste kvinner er penere uten sminke. Naturens skapelse er i 90% av tilfellene det vakreste. Mange tror også at jo mer smike jo penere blir de. Definitivt ikke tilfelle. I noen tilfeller er litt ok. Mye er ikke fint. Kvinner bør være meget nøye med å kun bruke naturlige, og økologiske, produkter.

Food, Drug, Cosmetics Act of 1938

EWG – Environmental Working Group. 80 Years Later, Cosmetics Chemicals Still Unregulated. A lot has changed since June 25, 1938 – the day Congress passed the Food, Drug and Cosmetics Act of 1938. These days cosmetics are a $60 billion-a-year business, and the average woman uses 12 products with 168 different ingredients every day. The 1938 law only prohibited the sale of cosmetics with any “poisonous or deleterious substance,” or any “filthy, putrid, or decomposed substance,” so the Food and Drug Administration has so far only banned nine cosmetics ingredients for safety reasons. Members of Congress made other efforts to modernize cosmetics law, starting in the 1950s, but all of these attempts were defeated by the cosmetics industry.

11 vs 1300 forbudte kjemikalier

Guardian 22. mai 2019. The disparity in standards between the EU and US has grown to the extent it touches almost every element of most Americans’ lives. In cosmetics alone, the EU has banned or restricted more than 1,300 chemicals while the US has outlawed or curbed just 11. This means that certain dyes used in cheese, chocolates and juice are restricted in some European countries such as the UK, where a 2007 study found some artificial colors and preservatives are linked to increased hyperactivity in children, but not the US.

Regask er et firma som gir kunder om forventet ny lovgivning. Posted June 13-2022. EU Cosmetic Ingredients Ban. Implications for US Companies. Which cosmetic ingredients are banned in the EU but not in the US?

From cancer or heart disease to inflammatory bowel disease and asthma, many cases are being traced back to the cluster of conditions responsible for illnesses and deaths related to toxic chemicals. In the US, at least 64 people have died from acute exposure to methylene chloride since 1980, the ingredient has been used in aerosol cosmetic products (principally hair sprays).

Both the US and the EU have their own regulatory system in place to govern the world of cosmetics. Although both systems impose restrictions, there are some differences between them. In this section, we try to shed light on the differences between the two regulatory systems, by diving into the list of cosmetic ingredients banned in the two regions.

The Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 has banned over 1,600 ingredients for use in cosmetics, even though 80% of them have not been used and never would be used as cosmetic ingredients. There are nine commonly used ingredients that are already banned in the EU due to high health risks but still allowed in the US:

  1. Formaldehyde
  2. Hydroquinone
  3. Triclosan
  4. Lead
  5. Parabens
  6. Petroleum Distillates
  7. Phthalates
  8. Selenium Sulfide
  9. Quaternium-15

US FDA, however, only prohibits or restricts 11 ingredients that are harmful to human health:

  1. Bithionol
  2. Chlorofluorocarbon propellants
  3. Chloroform
  4. Halogenated salicylanilides (di-, tri-, metabromsalan and tetrachlorosalicylanilide)
  5. Hexachlorophene
  6. Mercury compounds
  7. Methylene chloride
  8. Prohibited cattle materials
  9. Sunscreens in cosmetics (subject to product’s labeling)
  10. Vinyl chloride
  11. Zirconium-containing complexes

Interessant å merke seg at kvikksølv (mercury) er forbudt i kosmetikk. Men lov i amalgam i tannfyllinger. Også materialer med Zirconium er forbudt innen kosmetikk men lov i tannfyllinger (zirconia, zirconium dioxide). Oppdatering 20. mars 2023. Viser seg å være forbudt i aerosoler, se nedenfor.

Mer fra FDA

Oppdatering 20. mars 2023. What ingredients are prohibited or restricted by FDA regulations?

Although it’s against the law to use any ingredient that makes a cosmetic harmful when used as intended, FDA has regulations that specifically prohibit or restrict the use of the following ingredients in cosmetics:

  1. Bithionol. The use of bithionol is prohibited because it may cause photocontact sensitization (21 CFR 700.11).
  2. Chlorofluorocarbon propellants. The use of chlorofluorocarbon propellants in cosmetic aerosol products intended for domestic consumption is prohibited (21 CFR 700.23).
  3. Chloroform. The use of chloroform in cosmetic products is prohibited because it causes cancer in animals and is likely to be harmful to human health, too. The regulation makes an exception for residual amounts from its use as a processing solvent during manufacture, or as a byproduct from the synthesis of an ingredient (21 CFR 700.18). NB Risikabelt unntak.
  4. Halogenated salicylanilides (di-, tri-, metabromsalan and tetrachlorosalicylanilide). These are prohibited in cosmetic products because they may cause serious skin disorders (21 CFR 700.15).
  5. Hexachlorophene. Because of its toxic effect and ability to penetrate human skin, hexachlorophene (HCP) may be used only when no other preservative has been shown to be as effective. The HCP concentration in a cosmetic may not exceed 0.1 percent, and it may not be used in cosmetics that are applied to mucous membranes, such as the lips (21 CFR 250.250).
  6. Mercury compounds. Mercury compounds are readily absorbed through the skin on topical application and tend to accumulate in the body. They may cause allergic reactions, skin irritation, or neurotoxic problems. The use of mercury compounds in cosmetics is limited to eye area products at no more than 65 parts per million (0.0065 percent) of mercury calculated as the metal and is permitted only if no other effective and safe preservative is available. All other cosmetics containing mercury are adulterated and subject to regulatory action unless it occurs in a trace amount of less than 1 part per million (0.0001 percent) calculated as the metal and its presence is unavoidable under conditions of good manufacturing practice (21 CFR 700.13).
  7. Methylene chloride. It causes cancer in animals and is likely to be harmful to human health, too (21 CFR 700.19).
  8. Prohibited cattle materials. To protect against bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), also known as “mad cow disease,” cosmetics may not be manufactured from, processed with, or otherwise contain, prohibited cattle materials. These materials include specified risk materials, material from nonambulatory cattle, material from cattle not inspected and passed, or mechanically separated beef. Prohibited cattle materials do not include tallow that contains no more than 0.15 percent insoluble impurities, tallow derivatives, and hides and hide-derived products, and milk and milk products* (21 CFR 700.27).
  9. Sunscreens in cosmetics. Use of the term “sunscreen” or similar sun protection wording in a product’s labeling generally causes the product to be subject to regulation as a drug or a drug/cosmetic, depending on the claims. However, sunscreen ingredients may also be used in some cosmetic products to protect the products’ color. The labelling must also state why the sunscreen ingredient is used, for example, “Contains a sunscreen to protect product color.” If this explanation isn’t present, the product may be subject to regulation as a drug (21 CFR 700.35). For more information on sunscreens, refer to Tanning Products.
  10. Vinyl chloride. The use of vinyl chloride is prohibited as an ingredient of aerosol products, because it causes cancer and other health problems (21 CFR 700.14).
  11. Zirconium-containing complexes. The use of zirconium-containing complexes in aerosol cosmetic products is prohibited because of their toxic effect on lungs of animals, as well as the formation of granulomas in human skin (21 CFR 700.16).

What about color additives?

Color additives are permitted in cosmetics only if FDA has approved them for the intended use. In addition, some may be used only if they are from batches that FDA has tested and certified. To learn more, see Color Additives and Cosmetics.

I mat er fargestoffer et rødt flagg. Derfor sikkert slik også i kosmetikk.