I mange tilfeller er utslippshendelsen kjent men ingen forstår at den representerer en massiv helserisiko før det har gått endel tid og mange har allerede blitt forgiftet.
Ohoi vinylklorid lekkasje feb-2023
I USAs delstat Ohio, byen East Palestine, var det februar 2023 en ulykke der et tog med giftige kjemikalier kolliderte og lasten forurenset området. Blant annet med vinylklorid. Nr 10 på listen over kjemikalier til og med USA forbyr i kosmetikk. Etter få dager valgte myndighetene å sette fyr på de utlekkede kjemikaliene. Resultatet var en massiv røyksøyle med potensielt meget giftige stoffer. Når dette skrives, 11. mars 2023, er situasjonen i Ohio under utvikling. Det har lekket ut massivt med kreftfremkallende kjemikalier, befolkningen er redd, ansvarlig togfirma og myndighetene er passive. Situasjonen minner litt om blyutslippet fra Notre Dame brannen i Paris 2019.
Nytimes 8. mars 2023. Why Has the E.P.A. Allowed the Horrific Situation in Ohio to Continue? When a Norfolk Southern train carrying nearly 116,000 gallons of vinyl chloride derailed in East Palestine, Ohio, last month, local officials made a pivotal decision: to drain the highly toxic chemical into a ditch and set it on fire in a “controlled burn” to avoid a catastrophic explosion. Officials didn’t mention that the plume could rain dioxins and other enduring poisons down on the community and others downwind. And two days after the burn, residents in the one-by-two-mile evacuation zone were allowed back into their homes — before any testing for dioxins and other contaminants on the surfaces inside had been done. Dioxins are some of the most potent carcinogens on earth — there’s no “safe” dose for humans, and pregnant women and young children are especially vulnerable to their effects.
Notre Dame brannen apr-2019
Den store katedralen Notre Dame midt i Paris var konstruert med bly i tak og spir. Muligens ble dette brukt for å hindre råte. I en storbrann 15. april 2019 brant deler av katedralen og spesielt taket og spiret. Resultatet var tonnevis med blystøv ut over Paris by. Verdiene var høyest nær katedralen og i samme reting som vinden blåste den dagen. Jeg hørte om dette første gangen dag 3 The art of antiaging Summit 2022 med Brian Vaszily som intervjuet Wendie Trubow. Hun var i Paris rett etter brannen og opplevde blyforgiftning.
NY Times 16. september 2019. Flames engulfed 460 tons of lead scattering dangerous dust onto the streets and parks of Paris.
Levels of lead dust deposited near the cathedral were up to 1,300 times higher than French safety guidelines. The Health Ministry has ruled that lead levels over 70 micrograms per square meter, or 6.5 micrograms per square foot, amount to “a risk of lead contamination for exposed children’’ and should lead to “a quick intervention.” But that pertains to indoor spaces. In Paris, officials have waffled on the proper outdoor threshold. In the weeks after the fire, they cited 93 micrograms per square foot as the guideline. But as public criticism reached a fever pitch in mid-July, regional health officials essentially raised the limit, citing a new figure of 464. But it took a month before city officials conducted the first lead tests at a school close to Notre-Dame. Even today, city and regional health officials have not tested every school in the proximity of the cathedral. The tests showed levels of lead dust above the French regulatory standard for buildings hosting children in at least 18 day care centers, preschools and primary schools. In dozens of other public spaces, like plazas and streets, authorities found lead levels up to 60 times over the safety standard. Soil contamination in public parks may be among the biggest concerns. The Culture Ministry, which is responsible for cleaning the site and rebuilding Notre-Dame, also failed or refused to enforce safety procedures for workers, leaving them exposed to lead levels more than a thousand times the accepted standard.
The Paris Prefecture Police Headquarters sits directly across from Notre-Dame. A day care center inside the police building was hurriedly closed, for fear it could be crushed by falling debris. Within days, the day care center, which was for the children of officers, was tested for lead. In some areas, like the “millipede playroom,” the tests found lead levels up to 2.5 times the French standard for buildings hosting children, according to a confidential police document. The report offers evidence that the French authorities were aware of the threat of lead contamination within days of the fire but kept quiet. The officers’ children were moved to a second day care center farther away from Notre-Dame, in another building of the headquarters. As many as 80 children would play in this second day care center in the coming weeks. But it turned out that second building was contaminated, too. More than 20 measurements showed lead levels at or above the threshold for buildings hosting children. They included the “goblins” playroom and rooms where nurses fed children with baby bottles. Windows in the building had been left open during the fire, according to the confidential police report. Other tests found at least six offices were contaminated with lead levels up to 17 times higher than the regulatory threshold. Experts said the officers could have been vulnerable both to inhaling the dust as it swirled during the fire and ingesting it afterward. In early May, city officials finally closed the second day care center for decontamination and informed officers of the situation. But still no broader alarm was sounded.
The island Ile de la Cite in the Seine where Notre-Dame is located has gotten most attention. The regulatory threshold for concern in France is 2.5 micrograms per deciliter, but experts warn that any level of lead can cause harm. Ms. Souleliac, who works on the Ile de la Cite but does not live there, had her daughter tested 2 months after the fire. The girl had 1.1 micrograms of lead per deciliter, below the French threshold for concern of 2.5 micrograms.
Catherine Leroy had not thought about potential health risks for her 2 1/2 year-old daughter until news articles mentioned lead concerns and friends warned her about toxic particles. Ms. Leroy lives on Rue Chanoinesse, less than 300 feet from the cathedral. The child was tested in mid-May. The results showed lead levels of 1.9 micrograms per deciliter. Those most in danger? The restoration workers. The authorities shut down work at Notre-Dame in July, saying stricter measures were needed “in accordance to labor inspection’s requests.”
Twintowers NYC 11-sep-2001
Medførte asbestutslipp og mye annet. Mange brannmenn fikk kreft i etterkant.
Regjeringskvartalet Oslo 22-jul-2011
Bomben raserte sentrum og medførte helt sikkert utslipp. Blant annet ble det kjent at Y-blokka inneholdt asbest.
De fleste nye boliger idag inneholder plast, maling, tettestoffer, isolasjon og mange andre kunstige materialer. Disse er giftige bare ved avgassing inne i boligen. Det er derfor ofte sunnere å kjøpe et brukt enn et nytt hus. Dersom boligen brenner får man en stor utslippsdose av disse giftige materialene.